Engineering and transport experts say the aviation debate has become too politicised and centred on a third runway at Heathrow, when in the long term the UK is likely to need significantly more national hub capacity, which we must plan for now.
In their response to the Government’s draft Aviation Policy Framework consultation, which also includes a separate vision for aviation capacity, the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) and the Chartered Institution of Highways and Transportation (CIHT) say the long term choice is not whether to build a 3rd runway, or a new hub airport - but whether Heathrow can realistically be expanded beyond three runways. If not, plans for an alternative hub airport in South East England must be developed quickly.
A new approach
The Institutions call for a ‘twin track’ approach to aviation capacity, which pushes ahead with solutions that will maintain the UK’s position as a leading aviation hub in the longer term - as well as focusing on what can be delivered in the short term to help relieve the capacity restraints at Heathrow and keep the UK from slipping even further behind its European rivals.
They say the approach should also acknowledge the crucial role UK regional airports play through connecting flights to the national hub and ensure regional airports’ ability to fulfil this role isn’t undermined by lack of access to landing slots at Heathrow.
To maintain long-term global economic competitiveness, the UK needs a hub with more than three runways and rapid access to Central London. If we decide Heathrow can’t or shouldn’t be expanded to this size we will need to develop a new hub facility elsewhere in South East England. This will naturally take time, so the Davies Commission must press on with evaluating all available long term options now.
“This however, does not remove the need for action over the next five to 10 years to keep the UK in the game in the short term. The Commission must therefore simultaneously conduct a thorough review of all the short term options.”
Alex Lake, ICE aviation expert panel
Cross party consensus needed
But ICE and CIHT warn that expanding Heathrow or building a new hub airport will never become a reality if investors do not believe the UK has an aviation strategy that can survive a change of government.
Sue Percy, CIHT Chief Executive, welcomed the creation of an independent commission to look at meeting future capacity needs, but said that the report not being published until after the 2015 general election could “cause yet more delay and indecision, damaging the UK’s credibility as a location for private investment in aviation infrastructure. The Commission’s interim report in 2013 must indicate a clear direction of travel and come 2015, Government should make an unambiguous decision that has cross party consensus and can be driven forward.”
Olympic lessons learned
ICE and CIHT say an Act of Parliament should be introduced to create a special, time limited delivery body like the Olympic Delivery Authority (ODA) to implement the Davies Commission’s recommendations. Such a body would be essential in providing focus and leadership for delivering what will be a hugely complex project.
ICE’s Alex Lake concluded: “When it comes to the UK’s airport infrastructure needs, there are some tough political and public choices, but the UK’s reputation is on the line. We must establish an agreed, coherent strategy that reflects our future capacity needs and sets out how they could realistically be met over both the short and long term.
“The transport and engineering profession stands ready to contribute expertise gained on recent large scale projects – not least the Olympics – and ensure the Commission receives robust advice on the challenges and deliverability of all the solutions on the table.”
Key ICE/CIHT recommendations
- A ‘twin track’ approach to UK aviation capacity, which pushes ahead with realistic long term as well as shorter term solutions
- The introduction of an Act of Parliament to create a special, time limited delivery body like the Olympic Delivery Authority (ODA) to implement the Davies Commission’s recommendations
- Actions to ensure UK regional airports can fulfil their role
- The introduction of a Public Service Obligation (PSO) on Heathrow and any future UK hub, preserving landing slots to key UK regional airports where a High Speed Rail option is not available. This would need to be accompanied by appropriate compensation arrangements for hub operators
- An urgent review of the impact of current levels of Air Passenger Duty on the competitiveness of UK regional airports