This report analyses and gives context to the results of the 2016 BIM Heat Map, a survey on the application of BIM in the built environment.
The ICE BIM Action Group first started gathering information about the impact of BIM on the infrastructure industry, both within and beyond its membership, in 2013. This is the fourth year of conducting the survey and we have opted to leave the questions unaltered to allow a better, more accurate comparison between this and last year’s survey.
The survey was carried out using the 5-point symmetric Likert scaling method. The respondent is given a statement to which they provide their opinion. Each response is evenly weighted (Strongly Agree=5, Agree=4 etc.) and the average is used over all the responses. The responses are all broken down by sector and the averages are mapped as a colour to provide the heat maps.
In 2011 the Government Construction Strategy set out that “Government will require fully collaborative 3D BIM [Building Information Modelling] as a minimum by 2016”. At the ICE BIM Conference 2015 it was confirmed that the actual date would be the 4th April 2016. Mark Bew of the ICE BIM Action Group went on to confirm that by the 4th April 2016 “All centrally funded Government Departments will provide clear and complete “Employers Information Requirements” with all contracts”. The ICE BIM Action Group feels as though these deadlines have had a large impact on this year’s results.
Below is an extract from the heat map results of 2015 and 2016, it shows the average opinion of all respondents to the statements. At first glance there has been some clear progression since 2015, the overall industry average contained no negative responses to the statements posed in this year’s survey. This is in contrast to 2015 where a majority of the responses were negative or indifferent.
Below we have isolated the results from the Road and Rail sectors, the statements pertaining to peoples understanding of BIM and its high level uses are now being responded to in a much more positive manner. Overall it is clear that these two sectors are becoming much more comfortable with BIM and the processes and procedures which underpin it.
None of the following statements received a response of Strongly Disagree:
- “I understand that Building Information Modelling is about collaboration, integrated design and asset management”
- “I believe BIM is key to sustainable construction”
- “I understand why the organisation/department I work for needs data”
This can interpreted as a big achievement for everyone involved in the use and teaching of BIM over the past few years. The above statements are some of the core principles which underpin BIM and how it is envisaged to improve the industry. In fact statement No.1 not only didn’t receive a single Strongly Disagree response it also had the highest amount of Strongly Agree responses which indicates that individuals are no longer seeing BIM as just 3D models.
Unsurprisingly the statement “I understand how Uniclass can index COBie” continues to have the widest range of opinions for the second year in a row. This is likely due to it being a quite a technical question which would primarily be understood by individuals who work within the fields of Asset Management, BIM process’ or Design.
In conclusion, the overarching feel of the results are largely positive. The industry continues to progress in its understanding of BIM with take-up becoming business as usual for most large companies. Unfortunately there is continued resistance from people to review the BS/PAS 1192 family of documents and continued confusion around the acronyms associated with them (see our guide to these). With the release of the http://bim-level2.org/en/ (which contains all of the relevant BIM British Standards and Publicly Available Specifications for free) this year we can hope that next year's results will improve in this area.