Unexploded ordnance: A guide for the construction industry

This book gives guidance on how to handle the risk of unexploded ordnance on a construction site, to avoid costs, delays and danger.

Dealing with unexploded ordnance on a constrution site - image by Tom Oates
Dealing with unexploded ordnance on a constrution site - image by Tom Oates

Who wrote this?

  • Kevin Stone, Worley Parsons
  • Allen Murray, Worley Parsons
  • Simon Cooke, 6 Alpha Associates
  • John Foran, 6 Alpha Associates
  • Lee Gooderham, 6 Alpha Associates


It was first published in July 2009.


To encourage the safe handling of unexploded ordnance.

Who should read this?

Any construction professional who is responsible for the safety of a construction site that may hold unexploded ordnance.


This 141-page book, available to buy from CIRIA, gives a process to assess and manage the risks of unexploded ordnance.

This includes:

  • Case studies 
  • Employers' responsibilities
  • Financial implications
  • Different types of unexploded ordnance, and
  • Legal duties

And how to do:

  • A preliminary risk assessment
  • A detailed risk assessment
  • Risk mitigation
  • Emergency response planning 
  • The appointment of an unexploded ordnance specialist

This guidance helps clients to fulfil their legal duty under CDM2007 to provide designers and contractors with project specific health and safety information needed to identify hazards and risks associated with the design and construction work. The possibility of UXO being encountered on a site falls within the category of a potentially significant risk, and it should be addressed as early as possible in the lifecycle of a project.

For more information and questions, please contact management@ice.org.uk.

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