In a departure from the sector specific focus of previous reports, this year’s report looks at the impact of the government’s devolution agenda on the UK’s core infrastructure sectors: energy, flood risk management, transport, waste and water.
Launching the report at the city's council chambers, ICE President Sir John Armitt commented on Birmingham’s position as the historic centre of the industrial revolution, and noted its magnificent engineering heritage. He re-iterated ICE’s support for the Government’s goals of devolution - rebalancing the UK economy and driving local growth and extolled the virtue of infrastructure’s many potential benefits. He said that infrastructure must continue to be at the heart of the devolution agenda.
He also went on to thank the report’s Steering Group and his President’s Apprentices who contributed to its creation.
Following Sir John’s introduction, Adrian Coy, ICE Vice President and ‘State of the Nation: Devolution’ Steering Group Chair, then gave a summary of its recommendations to launch attendees. Also at the launch was Simon Ridley, Director General Decentralisation and Growth, Department for Communities and Local Government who provided an update on the Government’s progress on English devolution as well as his response to the report. Cllr Bob Sleigh, Chair of the Shadow Board of the West Midlands Combined Authority also gave his reaction to the report.
Infrastructure improvements at the heart of the devolution agenda
The report summarised that devolution of infrastructure policy has many potential benefits. Decisions can be based on an understanding of local needs, integration of services is easier to deliver on a local scale and securing vital public support for projects more achievable when it is the same community that benefits.
It concluded that placing infrastructure improvements at the heart of the devolution agenda could significantly boost local growth, environmental sustainability and quality of life - and with the right investment, frameworks and skills Combined Authorities can realise these full benefits.
More rounded devolution proposals
Ahead of today’s launch, Adrian Coy, who is a Local Authorities Strategic Director with AECOM, re-iterated the important impact that investment in infrastructure can have for regions but said that its role in rebalancing the economy should not just be limited to the financial benefits:
“We would also like to see more rounded devolution proposals. Rebalancing the economy should not only be thought of in financial terms. Enriching people’s lives is not just about increasing their income but also the quality of their living environments. More integrated proposals, setting out how they will also achieve environmental and social goals, will deliver broader benefits to society.”
ICE’s ten recommendations
- All future devolution proposals should demonstrate how they will improve quality of life and environmental sustainability in addition to driving economic growth
- Authorities seeking a devolution deal should demonstrate a clear model for leadership and accountability; however models to achieve this should reflect each area’s unique identity
- Restrictions stopping combined authorities from accessing flexible private finance streams must be lifted if they are to deliver and maintain transformative infrastructure
- Future devolution deals must include funding for digital infrastructure so smart technologies which improve services for the public and the environment can be developed
- Infrastructure strategies should be developed for emerging economic areas in England setting out needs, to provide a framework for decision-making
- Similar approaches to identify strategic needs should be developed for London, Northern Ireland, Wales and Scotland
- Infrastructure strategies must have resilience at their heart – considering the interdependent nature of each areas networks and mitigating the knock-on failure which can occur during extreme weather, affecting local businesses and economies
- Regional pipelines setting out confirmed infrastructure projects should be developed, enabling government, authorities, industry and academia to invest in the right training in the local area
- Combined authorities should be given responsibility for the skills development of those aged 16-19 - in addition to those aged 19 plus - to create a more joined up approach
- Government should provide pre-submission advice - to ensure high quality devolution proposals that deliver effective outcomes for the country
The report drew its evidence from a wide range of resources including regional workshops and focus groups, stakeholder interviews and a public opinion survey. The expertise of ICE’s knowledge panels has also been drawn upon to arrive at the report’s recommendations.
Find out more about State of the Nation: Devolution 2016
Further reading on devolution
In the run up to the launch, commentators from within and outside ICE gave their view on a range of devolution topics.
- • Dr Robert Rogerson, Deputy Director of Institute for Future Cities, University of Strathclyde discusses why devolution will play an even more important role across the UK after the EU Referendum.
- In a post for ICE’s Infrastructure Blog, Gavin Miller, ICE Policy Manager looks at why some of the devolution agreements that have been reached in England have already run into trouble.
- ICE Vice President Adrian Coy, who led the development and research of the ‘State of the Nation: Devolution’ report. In his recent blog post, he considers how civil engineers could soon be thinking less about delivering ‘national’ infrastructure and more about connections within and between city regions and communities.
- Gavin Miller, ICE Policy Manager examines the UK’s attitude to devolution following the results of survey which provided evidence for the ‘State of the Nation: Devolution’ report.
- Jonathan Spruce, part of ICE’s State of the Nation report steering group, explores what devolving powers across England will mean for the engineering skills gap.
- Ahead of the evidence gathering for the report, Ben Goodwin, ICE Policy Manager looks at the focus of the report in understanding the 'devolution revolution'
- Mark Prisk MP, Member of Parliament for Hertford and Stortford gives his views on devolution both from the viewpoint of an MP but also as a former businessman and a chartered surveyor