ICE Trustee Board

The ICE is governed by a Trustee Board which is responsible for the Institution’s strategic decision making.

The Trustees are supported by a Council, which approves the Trustee Board members and are themselves directly elected by the members.

How does our Trustee Board work?

Under the governance structure introduced in November 2018, 12 trustees of the Institution comprise a Trustee Board, which is responsible for the leadership and management of the Institution. The Board is ultimately responsible and accountable for all activities of the ICE.

The appointment and processes of the Trustee Board are contained within the Royal Charter and By-laws. Further detail on the Board’s responsibilities, duties and composition is set out in the Trustee Board Terms of Reference.

Trustee Board meetings

The meeting notes for Trustee Board meetings can be accessed here. A summary of the latest Trustee Board meeting is available to read.

View trustee board documents

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Meet our Trustee Board

The Trustee Board is made up of 12 members, the President (who chairs the meetings), seven Vice Presidents (three of whom are succeeding and will eventually become President), three Council members (directly appointed by Council) and one Trustee Board member. Except for the President and succeeding vice presidents, trustees serve for three years. Each trustee is allocated a portfolio by the President based on their experience and expertise. The appointments of our trustees are approved by our Council.

ICE Trustee Board 2020.
ICE Trustee Board 2020.

ICE President

Our president promotes the institution and the profession in the UK and around the world. ICE has a different president every year. The President’s calendar, including past and forthcoming events, can be accessed online by ICE members.

Further detail on the President’s responsibilities and duties are set out in the President’s terms of reference.

  • Paul Sheffield

    Paul Sheffield CBE BSc CEng FICE

    President 2019 - 20

    Paul studied civil engineering at the University of Surrey graduating in 1983, becoming Chartered in 1987.

    Following graduation, he spent 31 years with the Kier Group, initially working on a wide range of civil engineering and construction projects in various parts of the world including a gold mine in Papua New Guinea, a commercial development in London, a concrete gravity dam in Snowdonia where he was the Chief Engineer and latterly as Project Director on a power station in Hertfordshire, a desalination plant in Saudi Arabia and underground railways in Hong Kong.

    Between 2005 and 2010 he was on the Board of Kier with responsibility for their global civil engineering and construction activities and from 2010 to 2014 he was CEO of the Group with overall revenues of £3bn and activities spanning construction, support services, property development and high rise residential.

    In 2014 he joined Laing O’Rourke to head their UK and Middle East construction business with close involvement in major infrastructure and construction projects such as Thames Tideway Tunnels and Hinkley Point C nuclear power station and various hospitals, schools, retail and residential projects.

    Paul is currently a non-executive Director of Southern Water Services and is on the Supervisory Board of the Dutch Construction Group BAM. He is also an Industrial Advisor to the Board of Manchester Airport Group working on their capital expansion work at both Manchester and Stansted airports. He is a chartered engineer, an ICE Fellow and President of the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE). He was awarded a CBE in 2014 for services to construction and charitable fundraising.

    Read more
    Paul Sheffield

Trustee Board members

There are twelve members on the ICE Trustee Board. The President chairs the Trustee Board and the following members are Trustees. Members serve until the November of the year shown.

  • Rachel Skinner

    Rachel Skinner – FREng BSc (Hons) MSc (Eng) CEng FICE MCIHT TPP

    Senior Vice President 2019 - 20 and President designate

    Rachel Skinner is UK Head of Transport at WSP. A chartered engineer, Rachel is Senior Vice President of the Institution of Civil Engineers and will become President in 2020. She is also a Commissioner for the Infrastructure Commission for Scotland.

    In 2016, Rachel was named as one of The Telegraph’s inaugural Top 50 Influential Women in Engineering and in 2017 she was named as “Most Distinguished Winner” and “Best Woman in Civil Engineering” at the European Women in Construction and Engineering Awards.

    Read more
    Rachel Skinner
  • John Beck

    John Beck MBA CEng FICE FRICS MCIArb DipLaw

    Trustee Board Member (Professional conduct) and General Member of Council (2022)

    John is an independent consultant. He has spent much of his career in civil engineering, involved in major capital projects in the water industry and elsewhere, moving on to the leadership of multi-disciplinary organisations in the public, commercial and charitable sectors. He qualified as a Chartered Engineer in 1984 and an ICE Fellow in 1999.

    John was CEO of one of the Church of England’s largest dioceses, a major charitable organisation comprising 325 churches, 200 church schools and a substantial commercial land and property portfolio. This followed four years as Director General of the International Cotton Association, the regulatory and arbitral body for the US$60 billion annual value global commodity trade. Prior to this, John was ICE Director International, promoting ICE’s interests overseas. He was a Director of Technical Services/Environmental Services in local government in the South West of England for almost ten years.

    He is a Past-President (2011) and the current Honorary Secretary of the Société des Ingénieurs et Scientifiques de France (UK section), continuing a long-term international involvement. John has an MBA from Bristol Business School, a postgraduate Diploma in Law from the College of Law, London, is a Fellow of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors and a Member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators. First elected to ICE Council in 2012, he is a member of the Audit Committee, NOMCO and Standards Panel and is a lead professional Reviewer in the UK, India and Hong Kong.

    In 2001, he was awarded the Jubilee Medal of Moscow State University for ‘Services to Engineering and Science’.

    Read more
    John Beck
  • Karen Ann Britton

    Karen Ann Britton MEng (Hons) CEng MICE

    Trustee Board Member (Relationship with council) and General Member of Council (2020)

    Karen Britton is a Technical Director of Aviation for AECOM. Karen is a Chartered Engineer, a Fellow and an elected member of Council for the Institution of Civil Engineers. Karen is also a Member of the Institution of Highways and Transportation.

    Karen is a proven leader of complex multidisciplinary aviation projects and has spent the majority of her career in the aviation and defense sector. Karen is passionate about harnessing innovation through the use of technology and in 2018 Karen was named in The Sunday Telegraph’s 2018 Top 50 Women in Engineering.

    Karen is a strong advocate for the important role that women can and should play in the built environment and in 2017 Karen received a highly commended Award as a Diversity and Inclusion Ambassador from the UK Business Culture Awards for her work to promote gender equality in engineering.

    Read more
    Karen Ann Britton
  • Keith Howells

    Keith Howells - FREng CEng FICE FCIWEM

    Vice President Policy (2022) and President Designate

    Having graduated in civil engineering in 1974, Keith joined one of the founder members of the Mott MacDonald Group and spent the first 10 years of his career in infrastructure design and project management, mostly in the water and transport sectors.

    On completing an MBA in 1986, he became involved with the planning, feasibility, and financial and economic analysis of projects, principally in the water and environmental sectors. Over the next decade he worked on numerous projects funded by the international finance institutions as well as by UK government bodies.

    Keith has built career long experience in the planning, study and design of hydraulic structures, hydropower, urban drainage, sewerage, water supply and river engineering schemes. He has worked in numerous countries as well as in the UK. He ran the firm’s Water and Environment business from 1997 to 2002, before becoming the Group Managing Director in 2004, directing the firm’s expansion in North America and Australasia. Keith became Chair of the Group’s Executive Board in 2011, responsible to shareholders for the performance of the company and its strategic direction – a role he continued until mid-2019.

    Keith was on the board of the Association for Consultancy and Engineering from 2011 to 2015, and its Chair in 2013; he was a member of the CBI’s Construction Council from 2013 to 2019; and has been a member of the Cranfield School of Management Advisory Board for the last eight years. He is a Fellow of the Institution of Civil Engineers, a Fellow of the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management and a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering. He has now stepped down from the Board of Mott MacDonald but continues to act as an adviser to the company and as a Pension Scheme trustee.

    Read more
    Keith Howells
  • Emma Kent

    Emma Kent MEng (Hons) CEng MICE MIStructE

    Trustee Board Member (Member engagement) and Council member (2022)

    Emma Kent (CEng FICE MIStructE) has over 10 years’ experience designing and delivering projects of all sizes in London and further afield. She is Construction Director for the Metropolitan Police.

    She is leading the construction work for a programme of 40 construction projects, totalling £500million of project value over five years. These capital project underpin the Met’s ambitious Estate Transformation Strategy.

    Emma has been a keen supporter of ICE for many years, including a position on the ICE New South Wales Committee when she lived in Sydney, followed by a three-year term as Chairman of the Editorial Advisory Panel for Civil Engineering when she returned to the UK.

    In 2017, Emma was elected to the ICE Council where she has taken an active role for the last two years. More recently, Emma has been elected to the Trustee Board of the ICE where she will help deliver the strategic direction for the ICE, set by members and the ICE Council.

    She is a passionate advocate for engineers in their mid-careers as well as pursuing a more inclusive engineering industry. She wants the ICE to be the first-choice authority on matters of societal importance such as climate change and infrastructure.

    Read more
    Emma Kent
  • Mak Chai-kwong


    Vice President International (2020)

    Mak was a career civil servant. He joined the HK Government after graduating from the University of Hong Kong.

    During his 37 years of service, he served successively as Head of the Railway Development Office, Project Manager in the Territory Development Department, Director of Highways and Permanent Secretary for Development in charge of the Government’s work policies, the planning, procurement and implementation of infrastructure projects and resource management for the public works programme.

    Before retirement from the service, he had taken up the unique appointment as Team Leader to oversee the HKSAR Government funded reconstruction works in Sichuan, China after the 5.12 devastating earthquake in 2008. He liaised with the Mainland officials to devise a HK$9 billion reconstruction programme comprising 150 projects for schools, hospitals, rehabilitation centres, rebuilding the Wolong Giant Panda Conservation Base and two highways in the hilly terrain. This reconstruction programme was successfully completed in 2015.

    Since the early 1980’s, he has taken up teaching and research assignments in the University of Hong Kong. His passion is to build and strengthen the bonds between students, young engineers and the more experienced seniors through teaching and interaction, experience sharing, mentoring and experiential learning ventures.

    Read more
    Mak Chai-kwong
  • Edward McCann

    Edward McCann – BEng (Hons) MSc CEng FICE FRSA

    Vice President Membership (2020)

    Edward graduated from Imperial College London in 1989 with a degree in civil engineering.

    During twelve years with Binnie & Partners he obtained a Master's Degree in Hydraulic Engineering and worked on some fifty infrastructure projects all over the world.

    He joined Expedition Engineering in 2002 where he has been the Project Director for many projects including the multi award winning Infinity Bridge and the Olympic 2012 Velodrome. Edward was instrumental in the growth and development of Expedition from a "back bedroom start-up" to Building Magazine's Engineering Consultant of the Year in 2012.

    In 2009 Edward co-founded the Useful Simple Trust and gifted his shareholding in Expedition to the Trust for the benefit of the employees. He is now the Chair of the Board of Directors responsible for the five companies within the Trust.

    Edward has been actively involved in design education since 1999. He is a Royal Academy of Engineering Visiting Professor of Innovation at Strathclyde University.

    Edward lectures widely and has also made some 35 television programs on civil engineering.

    Read more
    Edward McCann
  • Emer Murnaghan

    Emer Murnaghan – OBE CEng MICE CEnv MIWO

    Vice President UK Regions (2021)

    Emer Murnaghan is the Head of Responsible Sustainable Business at GRAHAM Group. She joined GRAHAM Construction in 2011and spent 7 years developing and implementing their Business Improvement Programme.

    She has recently been tasked with evolving and communicating a sustainable business strategy for the £750 M business which operates across the UK & Ireland. She works closely with the GRAHAM Group Board to ensure the vision and strategic approach aligns with the aspirations of the shareholders and reflects the collaborative approach of the business, which aims to deliver lasting impact for a diverse portfolio of customers, their stakeholders and the communities in which they work.

    Emer is a Chartered Civil Engineer, a Chartered Environmentalist, a Chartered Member of the Institute of Water and a Fellow of Engineers’ Ireland. She has a long association with the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE). She was Assistant Regional Director of ICE Northern Ireland 2008 - 2010. She was elected to ICE Council and Executive Board in London between 2012 - 2018. In November 2018 she was appointed Trustee and one of the Vice Presidents of the Institution of Civil Engineers with responsibility for UK Regions.

    She is keen to see the industry become more diverse and inclusive, not only because it is the right thing to do, but because there is a strong business imperative to accelerate this transformation.

    In June 2015 Emer was awarded the OBE for services to civil engineering and further education in Northern Ireland. She continues to be passionate about an industry and profession that exists to serve the fundamental needs of society.

    Read more
    Emer Murnaghan
  • Jane Smallman

    Dr Jane Smallman BSc (Hons) PhD FICE

    Vice President Finance, Assurance and Risk (2020)

    Jane has worked in civil engineering for most of her professional career. She was at HR Wallingford Ltd from 1984 (when she joined as a mathematical modeller) until her retirement in 2015 and was Managing Director from 2006 to 2014.

    As Managing Director, she was responsible for a £27m turnover business employing about 270 staff. HR Wallingford is a world leading specialist consultant in the area of civil engineering and environmental hydraulics.

    Jane is now a Non-Executive Board Member and Chair of the Management Board for the Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (Cefas), which is an Executive Agency of the UK Government Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). Cefas is a world leading organisation in marine science and technology, and the aquatic environment.

    Jane is a Fellow of the Institution of Civil Engineers, a member of the Trustee Board and chair of the newly established Finance, Assurance & Risk Committee. She is also a Fellow and was previously a Trustee of the Institute of Marine Engineering, Science & Technology (IMarEST), and was their President in 2016. She is also a member of the IMarEST Finance & Investment Committee.

    Jane is an Honorary Visiting Professor to the School of Engineering of the University of Edinburgh. In this role she acts a mentor to academic staff, is involved in their diversity and inclusion activities, and sits on the School Development Committee, which seeks to develop links between academia and industry.

    Read more
    Jane Smallman
  • Richard Threlfall

    Richard Threlfall FICE

    Vice President Engineering Knowledge (2022)

    Richard has over 25 years’ experience in infrastructure policy, governance, strategy and financing, working with both public and private sector organisations in the UK and overseas. He is currently Global Head of Infrastructure at consulting firm KPMG.

    Richard began his career as a civil servant at the UK Department for Transport where he held positions in the road, rail and aviation directorates. Between 1996 and 1998 he was Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for Transport and the Deputy Prime Minister. He subsequently moved to the Infrastructure Advisory team at Citigroup before joining KPMG, where he led the UK Infrastructure, Building and Construction sector until 2018.

    Richard has an extensive network of contacts across the infrastructure, transport, utility, and construction markets and the related political, financial and legal communities, in the UK and internationally. He works with national and local infrastructure and transport authorities, private infrastructure owners and promoters of infrastructure schemes. He has advised on the governance and financing of some of the worlds’ most complex civil engineering projects.

    Richard is a Fellow of the Institution of Civil Engineers and became a Vice-President of the Institution in November 2019. He is a member of the World Economic Forum Global Future Council on Infrastructure. He is a member of the Infrastructure Board of the Confederation of British Industry. He chairs the Advisory Council of The Infrastructure Forum, which is an independent think-tank which brings together organisations with involvement in UK infrastructure from public, private and regulatory perspectives. He is a prolific writer on infrastructure and transport and is quoted regularly in the trade and national press.

    Read more
    Richard Threlfall
  • Liz Waugh

    Liz Waugh BSc Hons AMICE MCIPR MCI

    Trustee Board Member (Communications) (2022)

    A communications professional with over 25 years’ experience in industry and public sector, specialising in stakeholder engagement with critical infrastructure and crisis management.

    Providing expert advice to public and private sector, including central Government (Cabinet Office, BEIS and Defra), Scottish and Welsh Governments, as well as local authorities. Currently adviser to critical infrastructure portfolios totalling in excess of £15.7bn, including 11 energy from waste projects, major road and rail schemes, and separate regeneration programmes for two towns and a district hospital.

    Mentoring 3 engineers and regular speaker at Women in Leadership, Construction and other fora to promote engineering and career progression. Member of the Great Western Railway Advisory Board, SW Infrastructure Panel and Governor (UK) to Association of Real Property and Infrastructure. Previously chaired the Local Transport Board, BBC Audience Council (representing England) and ex interim CEO of Heart of the South West LEP. Lectures for Bournemouth, Plymouth and Leeds University and expert witness to several public inquiries on the impact of critical infrastructure on the tourism economy.

    Managing Director of Coast Communications, a strategic technical communications agency based in Cornwall, London and Cardiff, with a roster of national and international clients. In her (limited) spare time, Liz enjoys walking in the Black Mountains with her dog, paddleboarding on the coast and photography. She is learning Welsh, with nominal success.

    Read more
    Liz Waugh

Governance handbook

At the beginning of their term, new Trustee Board members are provided with the Governance Handbook. The handbook is provided to help trustees discharge their duties and serves as a simple guide to ICE governance.

The handbook is updated each year to reflect emerging best practice. The 2019-2020 edition of the Governance Handbook is available to access online.

Trustee updates

Following each meeting of the Trustee Board, a brief note summarising what was discussed and any actions to be taken is produced and made available to members and the public.

Got a question?

If you want to get in touch with your Trustee Board, contact us at

E: [email protected]